Family Balancing & Genetic Testing
Family Balancing also referred as Gender Selection can allow families to choose whether to have a boy or girl before becoming pregnant. Identifying the gender of your embryos before becoming pregnant is possible through the combined method of IVF and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) with 99.99% accuracy.
What is PGD?
PGD is a type of test that is performed on embryos in the laboratory 5 or 6 days after egg retrieval. A small sample from each appropriately-developing embryo is removed for the purposes of testing. PGD gives us information about each embryo tested. The chromosomal information obtained in the PGD results indicates whether the embryo is male or female, or if there are any chromosome abnormalities such as Down syndrome or types of chromosomal abnormalities that can often be the cause of miscarriage. Our test includes information about the 24 different chromosomes with 98% accuracy. PGD can never be 100% accurate at any laboratory due to the limitations of working with embryos.
Ovarian Stimulation – a woman usually produces one egg from her ovaries during normal ovulation. In order to increase the chances of fertilization during IUI, our specialist may give her fertility medicine at the start of her menstrual cycle to encourage multiple eggs release.
Egg Retrieval – Eggs are retrieved through a minor surgical procedure that uses ultrasound imaging to guide a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity to remove the eggs. Medication is provided to reduce and remove potential discomfort.
Sperm Collection & ICSI – On the day of Egg Retrieval, a semen sample is taken to fertilize the retrieved eggs. To increase chances of fertilization, a single sperm is injected into each egg using a precision needle in a method called ICSI.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) – will be completed for family balancing or to screen for any chromosomal abnormalities. 3 to 5 days after the Egg Retrieval, a biopsy is taken from each embryo and tested in the Genetics Lab. The health and gender of the embryos is identified and discussed with you before Embryo Transfer.
Embryo Transfer – Embryo Transfer is a minor procedure that does not require sedation. Following the procedure, hormone levels are tracked through blood test to confirm pregnancy.